The ballot of workers at Amazon in Bessemer, Alabama is one of the highest profile union recognition ballots carried out in recent times in the USA. Ballots are expected to begin being counted today with the count possibly lasting days. Thousands of workers from the facility in Bessemer have taken part
The ballot will determine whether warehouse employees will become the first group to unionise among Amazonâs 800,000 U.S. workers.Â
The US National Labour Relations Board, is in charge of the election, and they have indicated that the ballot e counting process could âtake daysâ partly because both parties can dispute votes. Â
Results are usually declared quickly but the Covid-19 pandemic meant the election was held by postal vote and the board officials will have to sort through any ballots that are challenged by the parties and count each ballot by hand, with the total count expected to be in the thousands.
Pro-union employees have joined the Retail, Wholesale and Department Store Union, (RWDSU),who say thatÂ a yes vote would allow workers to collectively bargain over pay, working conditions, safety, training, meal and shift breaks and other benefits.Â
Amazon has across hundreds of facilities in the USA. Workers have have complained about about gruelling workload the company monitoring process of employees through an internal tracking system and CCTV cameras.
Ballots were mailed to 6,000 employees.and even if workers vote to unionise, under the US system it could ta long time for the union to secureÂ a first contract . Either side could also contest the results of the election.
Amazon has a record of anti unionism. In 2018 it defeated a union campaign at itsÂ Whole Foods Market business and number of maintenance and repair technicians voted against a union at a Middletown, Delaware facility.
During the Whole Foods campaign, Amazon used a training video to coach Whole Foods staff on how to spot organising efforts. The company has said this video is no longer in use.
Last year Amazon postedâand removedâjob listings for analysts that included descriptions on monitoring union-organizing threats. Amazon has said the postings werenât an accurate description of the roles and were made in error.
Union organizers were present on a daily basis at the site, talking to workers, handing out leaflets and phone calling workers. The union also launched an information website and sought to garner support by rallying employees through family members and union members who work in other industries.
Â Amazon have retaliated with a websiteÂ to encourage workers to vote against a union. Signs were posted around the facility, and managers initially held frequent one to one meetings with workers.Â
The companyâs messaging and tactics amount to was classic US union busting techniques centered around the cost of union subscriptions with Amazon saying that a union is unnecessary because its workers receive better pay and benefits from the company than they would in other comparable jobs. Amazon hasnât made as clear to workers, however, that Alabama is a âright to workâ state, meaning employees would have an option on whether to be union members and pay dues.
Meanwhile in Germany the Ver.di union has called on Amazon workers at six Amazon sites ito go on strike this week for four days in the latest attempt to try to force the company to recognise collective bargaining agreements under German law.
Ver.di said the strikes at Amazonâs sites in Rheinberg, Werne, Koblenz, Leipzig and at two locations in Bad Hersfeld signalled an âunofficial startâ to wage talks for the retail and mail order industry, which are due to begin in the next few weeks.
âAmazon is making a mint in the coronavirus crisis. For this reason alone, wage evasion must be stopped there,â said Ver.di union representative Orhan Akman.
Verdi is demanding a pay increase of 4.5% for workers in the retail and mail order industry. âThis must also be possible at Amazon this year,â Akman said.
Amazon is facing a long-running battle in Germany over better pay and conditions for logistics workers, who have frequently staged strikes since 2013.Â Germany is Amazonâs biggest market after the United States.