The controversial âPosted Workers Directiveâ which was used by employers and contractors to undermine national pay agreements and exploit workers has been amended by the European Parliament.
In a recent blog for CTUF, MEP Jude Kirton Darling outlined the changes that were being discussed. A vote on May 29th has now made the changes that were discussed and agreed in the European Parliament. The revised rules revised rules voted by Parliament on May 29th. They were approved by 456 votes to 147, with 49 abstentions.
Under the current arrangements employers are not obliged to pay posted workers more than the minimum wage set by the host country, they usually earn less than local workers for the same job.
According to the Commission, posted workers can earn up to 50% less in some cases.
Loopholes in the current legislation have led as well to an increase of fraudulent practices such as companies existng on paper only or fake sub-contracting, that involve the exploitation of posted workers. In the UK it lead to walkouts and disputes with employers using the directive to import workers and exploit them as cheap labour and paying less than nationally or locally agreed rates of pay provided for under collective agreement.
The definition (according to the EU) of a âposted workerâ is an employee who is sent by his or her employer to perform a service in another EU member state on a temporary basis.Â In 2016, there were 2.3 million posted workers in the EU. Posting increased by 69% between 2010 and 2016.
Most posted workers (82.3%) get sent to EU countries in Western Europe, with Germany, France and Belgium receiving about 50% of all posted workers.
The countries that send out the most posted workers are Poland, Germany and Slovenia. Workers are usually posted in neighbouring countries.
Workers âpostedâ to work on other EU countries will now get equal pay for equal work and will be better protected against exploitation and fraud.
In a revision of the Directive a host countryâs remuneration rules to apply to all posted workers; a posting can last up to 12 months, with a possible extension of 6 monthsÂ and the EU says posted workers âwill now be better protected against fraud and exploitationâ.
Under the proposed new rules posted workers are subject to the rules on remuneration in the country they have been set to. This could either be set by law or by certain collective agreements. Employers would have to pay for travel, food and acommodation instead of deducting these costs from workers’ salaries.
The maximum posting period would be capped at 12 months, with a possible extension of six months. After that working conditions will be subject to the labour rules of the country they are working in. Co-operation between EU countries to tackle fraud would also be boosted.
In addition temporary work agencies would have to guarantee posted workers the same conditions that apply to other temporary workers hired in the country they have been sent to.
Ensuring fair pay: Under the agreed text, all of the host countryâs remuneration rules must apply to posted workers. In additionÂ to legal provisions,Â member states may apply large, representative regional or sectoral collective agreements. So far, this has been done only in the construction sector.
Improving workersâ conditions: Travel, board and accommodation costs will have to be paid by the employer and not deducted from workersâ salaries. Employers will also have to ensure that the accommodation conditions for posted workers are decent, and in line with national rules.
Protection against fraud: In the event of a fraudulent posting, e.g. by a letterbox company, member states should cooperate to ensure that posted workers are protected, at least, by the conditions of the Posting of Workers Directive.
Until then, the 1996 version of the directive remains applicable.
New rules to apply within two years: Member states will have two years to transpose the rules into their national laws, and must put them into effect by the end of this period.